Intersectionality is the recognition of the interconnected nature of social categorizations such as race, class, and gender as they apply to a given individual or group, which can create overlapping and interdependent systems of discrimination or disadvantage.

In other words, intersectionality recognises that diverse groups can often be disadvantaged by multiple sources of discrimination: their race, class, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability, religion, and other identity markers.

It recognises that identity markers like “woman” and “black” do not exist independently of each other and that each informs the others, often creating a complex convergence of discrimination.

Understanding the intersectional relationship between race and other demographic groups can further help frame conversations on race by recognising the additional barriers that may exist for individuals.