In 2018, the median (or typical) gross hourly pay (excluding overtime) for Black British people was £10.92 compared to £12.03 for White British people*.
In other words, over a year, assuming a 40 hour week, black people will typically go home with £2,220 less than their white colleagues. Over a lifetime of working, the accumulated difference could be as much as £135k, without taking into account overtime and promotions.
Pay gaps are a measure of the difference in average hourly pay between different groups and a good indicator of inequality in access to work, progression and rewards. Employers are not currently under any obligation to report on ethnicity and disability pay gaps, and it is not unlawful to have a pay gap.
Such pay gaps may, however, reflect significant disadvantages and barriers experienced by Black British people in the labour market (for example, accessing education and professional networks) and unconscious bias (or even downright discrimination) in hiring and promotion practices.
*Source: Annual Population Survey by Office of National Statistics, July 2019